A CNC router, also called CNC Milling machine is actually a computerized Numerical Controlled machine that lets you cut various materials employing a 3D cutting CAD/CAM software. The CAD/CAM converts your design into a tool path so that your machine can make 3D shapes. It can cut various types of material, including wood, foam, plastics and metals. When conversing about the axis of the router we refer to the movement of the CNC Turning Lathe that it rotates. When talking regarding the axis we make reference to a fixed imaginary line for the measurement of the coordinates by which the router will cut.
It could rotate X, Y, and Z which means that the machine can move straight to left horizontally (X-axis), front to back horizontally (Y-axis) and vertically down and up (Z-axis), as well as around itself. The working tool also provide an X-Y-Z axis motion. Adding rotation movements in other directions in addition to that and you will have a 4 or even a 5-axis machine or even more.
In simple terms, a 3-axis router involves moving the cutting tool along 3 different axis, making it suitable for parts and prototypes which are not too deep. A 4-axis router adds also a rotary axis movement called “A axis”, as well as a 5-axis CNC router involves movement from the cutting tool along 5 different axis simultaneously (2 additional axis).
There is a conception more complex cuts are only able to be made with all the 5 or maybe more axis machine, but is it a misconception or otherwise? We should be able to perform nearly every cut utilizing a 3-axis router, a lot more complex shapes. However, the 5-axis is able to machine on all five sides of any piece simultaneously, thus plays a part in the flexibleness and capabilities in the machine operator, shortening machining time. For example, trying to machine a game title dice, if utilizing a 3-axis router, the equipment will only be able to cut one side of the dice in a single operation. The operator will then need to turn the dice to machine another sides, conducting a new set-up, sometimes having to alter the tool bit. Employing a 5-axis, the machine can cut all 5 sides of the dice simultaneously, needing to turn the dice only one more hours for the 6th face.
Having the additional 2 axis and a larger x-axis on the 5-axis CNC router allows to shorten the project time as well as so that you can handle larger parts, but at the same time, possessing a longer x-axis can lead to less stability and accuracy and calls for the complete attention of the operator. So, similarly we have now machines that can create certain more advanced shapes faster, thus might be more efficient, but at the same time, those are less affordable and more complicated machines to use and keep.
So, the number of axis of any CNC router machine should we need? The preference depends on the particular manufacturing application needed and the result required. Below are a few instances where 5-axis router might be used spanning a 3 or 4-axis:
You possess an unusual from the norm shaped piece to make. In the event you may need greater cutting speed (A 5-axis you are able to perform the cut in a single single set-up instead of having to stopping and starting the tool several times using a 3-axis, turning the form to machine it on all sides)
If you wish to spend less on working area (One 5-axis machine can replace several 3-axis machines running simultaneously). Occasionally where possessing a 5-axis CNC router will not be enough and rather, you would need a 3-D printer or both. Sometimes, a 3-D printer is easier to use and has less limitations when making a shape, nonetheless it is less precise than a router and is limited with the material it may use, mostly confined to thermoplastics and resin.
The end result is that you receive similar quality results with both 3-axis and 5-axis routers, however, if speed is of the major essence, you may want to consider the 5-axis. Keep in mind the most recent requires more difficult operation, leads to more wear and tear, and is more costly.
For those who have a 3D model you intend to design and it is either too large or too thick to get machined due to height or cutter length restrictions or even the foam material not thick enough, the shape could be sliced into sections. Each slice will be machined separately utilizing the router and so the pieces may be glued together. The machined parts may then be sanded and coated with protective hard shell and painted, that can also take care of eliminating any visible grooves due to the gluing. Routers may also be used to produce molds that may later be poured with concrete or polyurethane along with other casting materials.
CNC routers vary from a few inches of working area entirely up to 50 feet long. Every router works with a spindle – it is the motor which is doing the actual cutting. Router’s spindles range between 1HP (horse power) to 20HP and above, plus they can take end mills (the driller) from 1/16″ all the way to 2″ and above. Different materials require different end mills and different cutting speeds. The denser the fabric the slower the cutting speed.
If you want to create a foam shape design that is certainly large or even full scale you can use a small model, scan it using a 3D scanner then transport it to the CNC router for machining, using a specialty cutting phksdb that generates the part file. Making use of the scanner lets you convert any regular model to a live-size design. Any model may be scanned – a face, a sculpture, a car toy, train, boat, plain and what you need larger. There is no need to visualize and imagine how the 3D model will look like – the scanner can it to suit your needs.
The business is really a manufacturer and distributor of CNC hot wire foam cutters, laser cutters and CNC routers. The machines cut various foam including EPS, XPS, EPP, RenShapes, urethane, tooling foam, EVA, polyurethane, MDF, along with acrylics, plastics, wood and light-weight metals. Through its subsidiary company, WeCutFoam the company can also be providing foam cutting, machining and prototyping services creating signs, logo, dimensional letters, props, exhibits, displays, prototypes and much more.
Jinan Quick CNC Router Co., Ltd. was founded in 2006, “Quick-Fulltek” is our subsidiary brand which was built in 2012. We have been producing and exporting CNC machines since 2006.Our company locates in Lingang economic develepment zone in Gaoxin district in Jinan, factory floor space is more than 15,000 square meters. We have more than 300 workers including 25 professional designers, 35 experienced after sale service engineers and 20 sales persons.
JINAN QUICK-FULLTEK CNC MACHINERY CO., LTD.
Address:No. 3600, West Airport Road,Gaoxin District, Jinan, China.
TEl : +86-531-85719477e
Mbl : +86-15628788693